General Information

Estimated Mechanical Properties and Machinability of AISI and SAE Carbon Steel Bars


Estimated Minimum Values
AISI & SAE No. Type of Processing Tensile Strength (psi) Yield Strength (psi) Elongation in 2 Inches, (%) Reduction in Area, (%) Brinell Hardness Average Machinability Rating (Cold Drawn 1212 = 100%)
1006 hot rolled 43,000 24,000 30 55 86 —
  cold drawn 48,000 41,000 20 45 95 50
1008 hot rolled 44,000 24,500 30 55 86 —
  cold drawn 49,000 41,500 20 45 95 55
1010 hot rolled 47,000 26,000 28 50 95 —
  cold drawn 53,000 44,000 20 40 105 55
1012 hot rolled 48,000 26,500 28 50 95 —
  cold drawn 54,000 45,000 19 40 105 55
1015 hot rolled 50,000 27,500 28 50 101 —
  cold drawn 56,000 47,000 18 40 111 60
1016 hot rolled 55,000 30,000 25 50 111 —
  cold drawn 61,000 51,000 18 40 121 70
1017 hot rolled 53,000 29,000 26 50 105 —
  cold drawn 59,000 49,000 18 40 116 65
1018 hot rolled 58,000 32,000 25 50 116 —
  cold drawn 64,000 54,000 15 40 126 70
1019 hot rolled 59,000 32,500 25 50 116 —
  cold drawn 66,000 55,000 15 40 131 70
1020 hot rolled 55,000 30,000 25 50 111 —
  cold drawn 61,000 51,000 15 40 121 65
1021 hot rolled 61,000 33,000 24 48 116 —
  cold drawn 68,000 57,000 15 40 131 70
1022 hot rolled 62,000 34,000 23 47 121 —
  cold drawn 69,000 58,000 15 40 137 70
1023 hot rolled 56,000 31,000 25 50 111 —
  cold drawn 62,000 52,500 15 40 121 65
1024* hot rolled 74,000 41,000 20 42 149 —
cold drawn 82,000 69,000 12 35 163 60
1025 hot rolled 58,000 32,000 25 50 116 —
  cold drawn 64,000 54,000 15 40 126 65
1026 hot rolled 64,000 35,000 24 49 126 —
  cold drawn 71,000 60,000 15 40 143 75
1027* hot rolled 75,000 41,000 18 40 149 —
  cold drawn 83,000 70,000 12 35 163 65
1030 hot rolled 68,000 37,500 20 42 137 —
  cold drawn 76,000 64,000 12 35 149 70
1035 hot rolled 72,000 39,500 18 40 143 —
  cold drawn 80,000 67,000 12 35 163 65
1036* hot rolled 83,000 45,500 16 40 163 —
  cold drawn 92,000 77,500 12 35 187 55
1037 hot rolled 74,000 40,500 18 40 143 —
  cold drawn 82,000 69,000 12 35 167 65
1038 hot rolled 75,000 41,000 18 40 149 —
  cold drawn 83,000 70,000 12 35 163 65
1039 hot rolled 79,000 43,500 16 40 156 —
  cold drawn 88,000 74,000 12 35 179 60
1040 hot rolled 76,000 42,000 18 40 149 —
  cold drawn 85,000 71,000 12 35 170 60
1041* hot rolled 92,000 51,000 15 40 187 —
  cold drawn 102,500 87,000 10 30 207 45
  ACDa 94,000 80,000 10 45 184 60
1042 hot rolled 80,000 44,000 16 40 163 —
  cold drawn 89,000 75,000 12 35 179 60
  NCDb 85,000 73,000 12 45 179 70
1043 hot rolled 82,000 45,000 16 40 163 —
  cold drawn 91,000 77,000 12 35 179 60
  NCDb 87,000 75,000 12 45 179 70
1044 hot rolled 80,000 44,000 16 40 163 —
1045 hot rolled 82,000 45,000 16 40 163 —
  cold drawn 91,000 77,000 12 35 179 55
  ACDa 85,000 73,000 12 45 170 65
1046 hot rolled 85,000 47,000 15 40 170 —
  cold drawn 94,000 79,000 12 35 187 55
  ACDa 90,000 75,000 12 45 179 65
1047* hot rolled 94,000 52,000 15 30 192 —
  cold drawn 103,000 88,000 10 28 207 40
1047* ACDa 95,000 85,000 10 35 187 45
1048* hot rolled 96,000 53,000 14 33 197 —
  cold drawn 106,500 89,500 10 28 217 45
  ACDa 93,500 78,500 10 35 192 50
1049 hot rolled 87,000 48,000 15 35 179 —
  cold drawn 97,000 81,500 10 30 197 45
  ACDa 92,000 77,000 10 40 187 55
1050 hot rolled 90,000 49,500 15 35 179 —
  cold drawn 100,000 84,000 10 30 197 45
  ACDa 95,000 80,000 10 40 189 55
1052* hot rolled 108,000 59,500 12 30 217 —
  ACDa 98,000 83,000 10 40 193 50
1055 hot rolled 94,000 51,500 12 30 192 —
  ACDa 96,000 81,000 10 40 197 55
1060 hot rolled 98,000 54,000 12 30 201 —
  SACDc 90,000 70,000 10 45 183 60
1064 hot rolled 97,000 53,500 12 30 201 —
  SACDc 89,000 69,000 10 45 183 60
1065 hot rolled 100,000 55,000 12 30 207 —
  SACDc 92,000 71,000 10 45 187 60
1070 hot rolled 102,000 56,000 12 30 212 —
  SACDc 93,000 72,000 10 45 192 55
1074 hot rolled 105,000 58,000 12 30 217 —
  SACDc 94,500 73,000 10 40 192 55
1078 hot rolled 100,000 55,000 12 30 207 —
  SACDc 94,000 72,500 10 40 192 55
1080 hot rolled 112,000 61,500 10 25 229 —
  SACDc 98,000 75,000 10 40 192 45
1084 hot rolled 119,000 65,500 10 25 241 —
  SACDc 100,000 77,000 10 40 192 45
1085 hot rolled 121,000 66,500 10 25 248 —
  SACDc 100,500 78,000 10 40 192 45
1086 hot rolled 112,000 61,500 10 25 229 —
  SACDc 97,000 74,000 10 40 192 45
1090 hot rolled 122,000 67,000 10 25 248 —
  SACDc 101,000 78,000 10 40 197 45
1095 hot rolled 120,000 66,000 10 25 248 —
  SACDc 99,000 76,000 10 40 197 45

aACD represents annealed cold drawn.
bNCD represents normalized cold drawn.
cSACD represents spheroidized cold drawn.
*These grades with maximum Mn in excess of 1% have been renumbered 1500 series. See table 3, SAE J403.